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Minimal training sufficient to diagnose pediatric wrist fractures with ultrasound

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Henrik Hedelin
Christian Tingström
Hanna Hebelka
Jon Karlsson
Publicerad i Critical Ultrasound Journal
Volym 9
ISSN 2036-3176
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för anestesi, biomaterial och ortopedi, Avdelningen för ortopedi
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för anestesi, biomaterial och ortopedi
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för onkologi, radiofysik, radiologi och urologi, Avdelningen för radiologi
Språk English
Länkar doi.org/10.1186/s13089-017-0066-z
Ämnesord Ultrasound, Pediatric, Fracture, Emergency, Wrist, long-bone fractures, bedside ultrasound, forearm fractures, emergency-department, occult fractures, children, reduction, accuracy, ankle
Ämneskategorier Ortopedi

Sammanfattning

Background: In children, non-fractured wrists generally need no treatment and those that are fractured may only require a 3-week cast without any clinical follow-up. The ability to perform a point-of-care triage decision if radiographs are needed could improve patient flow and decrease unnecessary radiographs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ultrasound (US) as a point-of-care triage tool for pediatric wrist injuries with limited training. Methods: Physicians with no previous US experience attended a 1.5 h course in the use of US to diagnose distal radius fractures at the Emergency Department (ED). The physicians firstly used US to diagnose a potential fracture and, if the patient had a fracture, grouped the patient according to how they wanted him/her to be treated based on US. The physician then interpreted the subsequent radiographs and decided on a treatment based on this information. Consultant traumatologists and a senior radiologist established a gold standard for correct treatment and radiological diagnosis, respectively. Results: One hundred and sixteen injuries in 115 patients were included. The ED physician identified 75 fractures on radiographs. With the exception of a minimal buckle fracture, all were identified on US. US had a tendency to interpret complete fractures on radiographs as incomplete (n = 7) leading to incorrect treatment decisions. Conclusions: In the hands of an US novice, US examination is comparable with radiographs as a point-of-care tool to distinguish a fractured wrist from a non-fractured one. US is not, however, as good as radiographs for placing fractured wrists into the correct treatment group.

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