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Bleeding on probing around dental implants: a retrospective study of associated factors

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare R. Farina
M. Filippi
J. Brazzioli
Cristiano Tomasi
L. Trombelli
Publicerad i Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Volym 44
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 115-122
ISSN 0303-6979
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 115-122
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12647
Ämnesord dental implants, gingival haemorrhage, gingival pocket, inflammation, periodontal pocket, experimental gingivitis, keratinized mucosa, periodontal conditions, plaque, teeth, diseases, health, dog, inflammation, parameters, Dentistry
Ämneskategorier Odontologi

Sammanfattning

AimTo (i) identify factors associated with the probability of a peri-implant site to be positive to bleeding on probing (BoP+) and (ii) compare BoP+ probability around dental implants and contra-lateral teeth. MethodsIn 112 patients, data related to 1725 peri-implant sites and 1020 contra-lateral dental sites were retrospectively obtained. To analyse the association between patient-, implant- and site-related factors and BoP+ probability, a logistic, three-level model was built with BoP as the binary outcome variable (+/-). ResultsBoP+ probability for a peri-implant site with probing depth (PD) of 4mm was 27%, and the odds ratio increased by 1.6 for each 1-mm increment in PD (p<0.001). Also, BoP+ probability was higher in females compared to males (OR=1.61; p=0.048), and lower at posterior compared to anterior dental implants (OR=0.55; p<0.01). No significant difference in BoP+ probability was observed between peri-implant and contra-lateral dental sites when controlling for the difference in PD. ConclusionsThe probability of a peri-implant site to bleed upon probing is (i) associated with PD, implant position and gender, and (ii) similar to that observed at contra-lateral dental sites when controlling for the effect of PD.

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