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Explaining voting behavior in the Gothenburg congestion tax referendum

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare André Hansla
Erik Hysing
Andreas Nilsson
Johan Martinsson
Publicerad i Transport Policy
Volym 53
Sidor 98-106
ISSN 0967-070X
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Statsvetenskapliga institutionen
Sidor 98-106
Språk en
Länkar https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2...
Ämnesord Congestion charges, Public acceptance, Public referendum, Road pricing
Ämneskategorier Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi), Miljöpsykologi, Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)

Sammanfattning

© 2016 Elsevier LtdThe Gothenburg congestion tax was introduced in 2013 and later subjected to a consultative referendum where the citizens, despite getting first-hand experience with the scheme, rejected it. This article explains voting behavior in the referendum using both self-expressed motives and five nested models to test various explanations suggested in previous research. Drawing on an extensive longitudinal study, we conclude first that although a majority voted against the tax in the referendum, attitudinal preferences have become more positive since its introduction – supporting previous findings and hypothesis of familiarity effects. Second, we present a model for voting behavior that explains significant portions of the variance, concluding that it is not the outcomes of the charges that are important, but rather if the charges are in line with basic values, if the uses of the revenues (in this case, infrastructure investments) are supported, and if the institutions and processes introducing the charges are perceived as legitimate, trustworthy, and responsive. The article ends with general policy recommendations on the basis of these findings.

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