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Associations Between Fine Motor Performance in Activities of Daily Living and Cognitive Ability in a Nondemented Sample of Older Adults: Implications for Geriatric Physical Rehabilitation.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Elizabeth B Fauth
Sydney Y Schaefer
Steven H Zarit
Marie Ernsth-Bravell
Boo Johansson
Publicerad i Journal of aging and health
Volym 29
Nummer/häfte 7
Sidor 1144-1159
ISSN 1552-6887
Publiceringsår 2017
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 1144-1159
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1177/0898264316654674
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Fine motor ability (FMA) is essential in certain activities of daily living (ADL) and is considered mostly as a component of physical function. We hypothesize that cognitive ability explains significant variance in ADL-related FMA, above and beyond what is explained by physical ability (grip strength).Origins of Variance in the Old Old Study (OCTO)-Twin participants (n = 218), aged 80+ (dementia, stroke, Parkinson's disease excluded) were assessed on depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale [CES-D]), a cognitive battery, grip strength, and FMA.In a series of ordinary least squares regression models, FMA was not associated with gender or depressive symptoms, but was associated with age (marginally; β = -.164, p = .051), grip strength (β = -.381, p < .01), and one cognitive measure, perceptual speed (β = -.249, p < .01).In nondemented older adults, cognitive speed predicts ADL-related FMA after controlling for age and physical ability. Physical rehabilitation of FMA in ADL tasks should consider the importance of cognitive ability, even in nondemented older adults.

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