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The intentional harvest of waved albatrosses Phoebastria irrorata by small-scale offshore fishermen from Salaverry port, Peru

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare J. Alfaro-Shigueto
J. C. Mangel
K. Valenzuela
Milena Arias Schreiber
Publicerad i Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences
Volym 11
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 70-77
ISSN 1809-9009
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Institutionen för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori
Sidor 70-77
Språk en
Ämnesord Bush meat, Consumption, Fisheries, Intentional harvest, Interactions, Seabirds, Wildlife conservation
Ämneskategorier Ekologi, Miljövetenskap, Tvärvetenskapliga studier

Sammanfattning

The waved albatross Phoebastria irrorata is classified by the IUCN as "critically endangered" because of its geographically restricted breeding range and evidence of a substantial decline in adult survival during the 1990s and early 2000s. This decline has been proposed to be a consequence of incidental mortality in the Peruvian small-scale fisheries but also of direct hunting for human consumption by fishermen. This paper uses a trans-disciplinary approach to describe and analyse the intentional capture of waved albatrosses in northern Peru by offshore small-scale fishermen. During 2008, 36 interviews were conducted in the port of Salaverry to understand the extent and reasons for the intentional capture. Sixty-nine precent of the interviewees mentioned occasionally harvesting albatrosses. Considering two to three vessels capture albatrosses regularly in Salaverry, we estimate a total annual mortality between 16 and 24 individuals since 2006. Reasons for capturing albatrosses included insufficient food supplies onboard during long fishing trips, collection of rings from ringed birds, the development of a taste for the bird's meat and even boredom. Interviews with fishermen showed a lack of awareness of the conservation status of albatrosses. We recommend strengthening the role of existing local governmental and non-governmental organizations involved with monitoring and surveillance, education and conservation.

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