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Redox oscillation and benthic nitrogen mineralization within burrowed sediments: An experimental simulation at low frequency

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare F. Gilbert
Stefan Hulth
V. Grossi
R. C. Aller
Publicerad i Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Volym 482
Sidor 75-84
ISSN 0022-0981
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi
Sidor 75-84
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.05....
Ämnesord Bioturbation, Redox oscillation, Nitrogen cycle, Burrow ventilation, Experimental design, Simulation, mediterranean coastal sediments, fresh-water sediments, marine-sediments, in-situ, estuarine sediment, nitrate reduction, oxide, production, organic-matter, callianassa-subterranea, temporal, variability, Environmental Sciences & Ecology, Marine & Freshwater Biology
Ämneskategorier Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap

Sammanfattning

Possible effects of sediment ventilation by benthic organisms on the nitrogen cycle were investigated using an experimental setup that mimicked stable or relatively low frequency oscillating redox conditions potentially found in bioturbated deposits. Three different conditions inside burrowed sediments were simulated using 2 mm thick sediment layers: 1) continuously oxic sediment exposed to oxygenated overlying bottom water (e.g., burrow walls, surface sediment), 2) continuously anoxic sediment out of reach from either O-2 or NO3- diffusion and 3) the lining/boundary of burrow structures or sediment pockets (e.g., excavated during feeding) subject to intermittent irrigation and redox fluctuations over several day timescales. Results demonstrated that intermittent redox fluctuations allowed sustained denitrification and episodic nitrification, whereas significant denitrification and both nitrification and denitrification were absent after similar to 5-10 days from continuously oxidized and anoxic zones respectively. Intermittent redox oscillations enhance metabolic diversity, magnify loss of dissolved inorganic N to solution, and permit sustained coupling between ammonification, nitrification, and denitrification despite lack of a stable stratified oxic-anoxic redox structure. Even relatively low frequency redox oscillations induce greater N loss compared to sediment that is continuously exposed to oxic and anoxic conditions.

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