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Empowerment (Character, Motivation, and Regulatory Mode), Positive Affect, and Resilience

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Danilo Garcia
Trevor Archer
Publicerad i The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being
Volym 4
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 212-225
ISSN 2147-561X
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 212-225
Språk en
Länkar journalofhappiness.net/article/empo...
Ämnesord Cooperativeness; Empowerment; Intrinsic Motivation; Locomotion; Positive Affect; Regulatory Mode; Resilience; Self-directedness
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper, Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Positive affectivity plays an important role in the endowment of resilience, which in turn is an important factor for individuals’ adaptation to adversities in the changing environment. Based on hope theory and the Science of Well- Being we investigate a ternary model (character, motivation, and regulatory mode) for individual empowerment that promotes positive affectivity. A total of 1,876 participants, four separate samples, responded to the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (Study I-IV), the Temperament and Character Inventory (Study I), the modified Situational Motivation Scale (Study II), the Regulatory Mode Questionnaire (Study III), and the modified Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (Study IV). We investigated, separately, each empowerment component’s relationship to positive affect (Study I-III) and the positive affect-resilience relationship (Study IV). Four regression analyses showed that character (β = .28; Study I), intrinsic motivation (β = .35; Study II) and locomotion (β = .53; Study III) predicted positive affect, which in turn, predicted resilience (β = .53; Study IV). The ternary structure of empowerment (character, intrinsic motivation, and locomotion) does indeed predict positive affect thereby endowering individuals with a strength that emerges as resilience. However, the Ternary Empowerment Model suggested here needs to be further developed and studied in order to ensure that it actually is ternary in nature.

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