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Gold mining and education: a long-run resource curse in Africa?

Rapport
Författare Pelle Ahlerup
Thushyanthan Baskaran
Arne Bigsten
ISSN 1403-2465
Förlag University of Gothenburg
Förlagsort Göteborg
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Centrum för globalisering och utveckling (GCGD)
Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik
Språk en
Länkar hdl.handle.net/2077/44642
Ämnesord Education, mineral resources gold mining, survey data, Africa, gold mining, survey data, Africa
Ämneskategorier Nationalekonomi

Sammanfattning

We provide micro-level evidence on an important channel through which mineral resources may adversely affect development in the long-run: lower educational attainment. Combining Afrobarometer survey data with geocoded data on the discovery and shutdown dates of of gold mines, we show that respondents who had a gold mine within their district when they were in adolescence have significantly lower educational attainment. These results are robust to the omission of individual countries, different definitions of adulthood, the use of alternative data from the Development and Health Surveys (DHS), and buffer-based approaches to define neighborhood. Regarding mechanisms, we conclude that the educational costs of mines are likely due to households making myopic educational decisions when employment in gold mining is an alternative. We explore and rule out competing mechanism such as endogenous migration, a lower provision of public goods by the government, and a higher propensity for violent conflicts in gold mining districts.

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