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Interviewing intoxicated eyewitnesses: A review of the effect of alcohol on witnesses’ recall and new steps forward.

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Angelica Hagsand
Christopher Altman
Jacqueline Evans
Nadja Schreiber Compo
Publicerad i Fishschrift - Applied Cognition and the Cognitive Interview: A conference in honor of Dr. Ron Fisher
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord alcohol, eyewitness memory, recall, retention interval, repeated interviewing
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Many witnesses are intoxicated during the crime, and/or during the investigative interview. Jurors and experts often perceive these witnesses as less credible than sober witnesses. However, the present literature review shows that, in experimental studies, witnesses with a low to moderate blood alcohol concentration (<0.10%) rarely differs from sober or placebo witnesses in terms of accuracy and quantity of information recalled. When a negative effect of alcohol was found, the effect was small and mostly targeted to the quantity of the details and not the accuracy. The present review will further summarize and discuss studies that provide insight into the timing of interviewing intoxicated witnesses (e.g., directly after the crime whilst intoxicated or after a delay when sober), and which interview approach/techniques to use in order to extract as much correct information as possible from intoxicated witnesses.

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