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Using different growth references to measure thinness and overweight among Swedish primary school children showed considerable variations

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare BB Nilsen
A Yngve
Agneta Sjöberg
Lotta Moraeus
Lauren Lissner
B Werner
Publicerad i Acta Paediatrica
Volym 105
Nummer/häfte 10
Sidor 1158-1165
ISSN 0803-5253
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap
Sidor 1158-1165
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.13400
Ämnesord body mass index cut-off levels; childhood; growth surveillance; obesity; underweight
Ämneskategorier Epidemiologi

Sammanfattning

AIM: The study compared how four different growth references determined the prevalence of thinness and overweight, based on height and weight measurements from a nationally representative sample of Swedish children from seven to nine years of age. METHODS: The height and weight measurements of 4,518 Swedish schoolchildren aged seven to nine years were carried out in 2008 using a standardised protocol. The prevalence of different degrees of thinness and overweight were calculated using international growth references from the World Health Organization, the International Obesity Task Force and two Swedish growth references from Werner and Karlberg. RESULTS: Depending on which growth reference we used, the prevalence of different degrees of thinness varied from 7.5%-16.9% for the boys and 6.9%-13.7% for the girls, while for the prevalence of overweight, including obesity and severe obesity, varied from 16.5%-25.7% for the boys and 18.2-25.2% for the girls. There were also significant gender differences depending on the growth reference we used. CONCLUSION: Using four different growth references, two international and two Swedish, produced wide variations in the prevalence of thinness and overweight, together with significant gender differences. In the absence of a global definition, we need both national and international growth references. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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