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Legal medical consideration of Alzheimer's disease patients' dysgraphia and cognitive dysfunction: a 6 month follow up

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare E. Onofri
M. Mercuri
Trevor Archer
Max Rapp-Ricciardi
S. Ricci
Publicerad i Clinical Interventions in Aging
Volym 11
Sidor 279-284
ISSN 1178-1998
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 279-284
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.2147/cia.s94750
Ämnesord cognition, intentions, unfit to plead, consent, mini-mental-state, consent capacity, impairment, dementia, competence, clinician, judgments, agraphia, memory
Ämneskategorier Psykologi


Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients to express intentions and desires, and their decision-making capacity. This study examines the findings from a 6-month follow-up of our previous results in which 30 patients participated. Materials and methods: The patient's cognition was examined by conducting the tests of 14 questions and letter-writing ability over a period of 19 days, and it was repeated after 6 months. The difference between these two cognitive measures (PQ1 before-PQ2 before), tested previously and later the writing test, was designated D Delta before. The test was repeated after 6 months, and PQ1 after-PQ2 after was designated D Delta after. Results: Several markedly strong relationships between dysgraphia and other measures of cognitive performance in AD patients were observed. The most aged patients (over 86 years), despite less frequency, maintain the cognitive capacity manifested in the graphic expressions. A document, written by an AD patient presents an honest expression of the patient's intention if that document is legible, clear, and comprehensive. Conclusion: The identification of impairment/ deficits in writing and cognition during different phases of AD may facilitate the understanding of disease progression and identify the occasions during which the patient may be considered sufficiently lucid to make decisions.

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