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Shifting the Paradigm of the Philosophy of Science: the Philosophy of Information and a New Renaissance

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic
Publicerad i Minds and Machines
Volym 13
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 521-536
ISSN 0924-6495
Publiceringsår 2003
Publicerad vid Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi (GU)
Sidor 521-536
Språk en
Länkar www.mrtc.mdh.se/%7Egdc/work/Shiftin...
Ämnesord Computation, Digital Philosophy, Information, Information Society, Information Technology, Information-theoretic Methodology, Philosophy of AI, Philosophy of Computer Science, Philosophy of Computing, Philosophy of Information, Philosophy of Science.
Ämneskategorier Data- och informationsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

Computing is changing the traditional field of Philosophy of Science in a very profound way. First as a methodological tool, computing makes possible “experimental Philosophy” which is able to provide practical tests for different philosophical ideas. At the same time the ideal object of investigation of the Philosophy of Science is changing. For a long period of time the ideal science was Physics (e.g. Popper, Carnap, Kuhn, and Chalmers). Now the focus is shifting to the field of Computing/Informatics. There are many good reasons for this paradigm shift, one of those being a long standing need of a new meeting between the sciences and humanities, for which the new discipline of Computing/Informatics gives innumerable possibilities. Contrary to Physics, Computing/Informatics is very much human-centered. It brings a potential for a new Renaissance, where Science and Humanities, Arts and Engineering can reach a new synthesis, so very much needed in our intellectually split culture. This paper investigates contemporary trends and the relation between the Philosophy of Science and the Philosophy of Computing and Information, which is equivalent to the present relation between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Physics.

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