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Parental Influences on Health and Longevity: Lessons from a Large Sample of Adoptees

Rapport
Författare Mikael Lindahl
Evelina Lundberg
Mårten Palme
Emilia Simeonova
ISSN 1403-2465
Förlag University of Gothenburg
Förlagsort Göteborg
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Institutionen för nationalekonomi med statistik
Språk en
Länkar hdl.handle.net/2077/41631
Ämnesord Health inequality, mortality, Pre- versus post-birth decomposition
Ämneskategorier Nationalekonomi

Sammanfattning

To what extent is the length of our lives determined by pre-birth factors? And to what extent is it affected by parental resources during our upbringing that can be influenced by public policy? We study the formation of adult health and mortality using data on about 21,000 adoptees born between 1940 and 1967. The data include detailed information on both biological and adopting parents. We find that the health of the biological parents affects the health of their adopted children. Thus, we confirm that genes and conditions in utero are important intergenerational transmission channels for long-term health. However, we also find strong evidence that the educational attainment of the adopting mother has a significant impact on the health of her adoptive children, suggesting that family environment and resources in the post-birth years have long-term consequences for children’s health.

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