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A quick and robust method for quantification of the hypersensitive response in plants

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Oskar N. Johansson
Anders K. Nilsson
Mikael Gustavsson
Thomas Backhaus
Mats X. Andersson
Mats Ellerström
Publicerad i Peerj
Volym 3
ISSN 2167-8359
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biologi och miljövetenskap
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1469
Ämnesord Hypersensitive response (HR), Programmed cell death (PCD), Electrolyte leakage, Effector-triggered-, PATHOGEN PSEUDOMONAS-SYRINGAE, DISEASE RESISTANCE GENE, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, CELL-DEATH, ERWINIA-AMYLOVORA, DEFENSE, ACID, TOBACCO, GALACTOLIPIDS, ACCUMULATION
Ämneskategorier Botanik

Sammanfattning

One of the most studied defense reactions of plants against microbial pathogens is the hypersensitive response (HR). The HR is a complex multicellular process that involves programmed cell death at the site of infection. A standard method to quantify plant defense and the HR is to measure the release of cellular electrolytes into water after infiltration with pathogenic bacteria. In this type of experiment, the bacteria are typically delivered into the plant tissue through syringe infiltration. Here we report the development of a vacuum infiltration protocol that allows multiple plant lines to be infiltrated simultaneously and assayed for defense responses. Vacuum infiltration did not induce more wounding response in Arabidopsis leaf tissue than syringe inoculation, whereas throughput and reproducibility were improved. The method was used to study HR-induced electrolyte loss after treatment with the bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 harboring the effector AvrRpm1, AvrRpt2 or AvrRps4. Specifically, the influence of bacterial titer on AvrRpm1-induced HR was investigated. Not only the amplitude, but also the timing of the maximum rate of the HR reaction was found to be dose-dependent. Finally, using vacuum infiltration, we were able quantify induction of phospholipase D activity after AvrRpm1 recognition in leaves labeled with (PO4)-P-33.

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