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The Person’s Type of Affective Profile as a moderator on the Relationship between Time Perspective and Well-Being

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Danilo Garcia
Uta Sailer
Ali Al Nima
Trevor Archer
Publicerad i 3rd International Conference on Time Perspective, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord Affective Profiles Model, Negative Affect, Positive Affect, Time Perspective, Well-Being
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Background: A “balanced” time perspective has been suggested to have a positive influence on well-being. This “balanced” outlook on time is defined as a sentimental and positive view of the past (high past positive), a less pessimistic attitude toward the past (low past negative), the desire of experiencing pleasure with slight concern for future consequences (high present hedonistic), a less fatalistic and hopeless view of the future (low present fatalistic), and the ability to find reward in achieving specific long-term goals (high future). In the present study, we used the affective profiles model (i.e., combinations of individuals’ experience of high/low positive/negative affectivity) as the framework for analyzing individual differences in time perspective dimensions and to investigate if the influence of time perspective dimensions on well-being was moderated by the persons’ type of affective profile. Method: Participants (N = 720) responded to the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule, the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, the Temporal Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Scales of Psychological Well-Being-short version. A Multivariate Analysis of Variance was conducted to identify differences in time perspective dimensions and well-being. Four Structural Equation Models were used to investigate which time perspective dimensions predicted well-being for individuals with each one of the four profiles. Results: A “balanced” time perspective characterized individuals with a self-fulfilling profile, who also scored higher in psychological well-being and in temporal satisfaction with life compared to individuals with any of the other profiles. Nevertheless, individuals with a high affective or low affective profile scored higher in both temporal satisfaction with life and psychological well-being compared to individuals with a self-destructive profile. Between 16% to 33% of the variance of psychological well-being and 29% to 40% of the variance of temporal satisfaction with life could be explained by the time perspective dimensions across the four profiles. For individuals with different profiles, however, their well-being was predicted by different time perspective dimensions. For example, while all dimensions explained the variance of psychological well-being for individuals with a self-destructive profile, only the past positive and present hedonistic dimensions were associated to the level of psychological well-being reported by individuals with a low affective profile. Moreover, the future dimension predicted the level of life satisfaction only among individuals with a self-destructive profile. Conclusion: Depending on the type of affective profile, individuals seem to use specific outlooks of time that fit their profile, thus, allowing them to maintain homeostasis in their affective system and at the same time increase their well-being.

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