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Time Perspective, Personality, and Temporal Life Satisfaction among Anorexia Nervosa Patients

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Danilo Garcia
Suzanna Lundblad
Trevor Archer
Publicerad i 3rd International Conference on Time Perspective, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord Anorexia Nervosa; Personality; Temporal Life Satisfaction; Time Perspective; Well-Being.
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper, Psykologi

Sammanfattning

A “balanced” time perspective influences life satisfaction and is defined as: a sentimental and positive view of the past (high past positive), a less pessimistic attitude toward the past (low past negative), the desire of experiencing pleasure with slight concern for future consequences (high present hedonistic), a less fatalistic and hopeless view of the future (low present fatalistic), and the ability to find reward in achieving specific long-term goals (high future). We investigated differences in these dimensions, temporal life satisfaction (i.e., past, present, and future), and personality between 88 anorexia nervosa patients and 111 matched controls. The patients scored higher in the past negative and present fatalistic dimensions and higher in conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. The controls scored higher in all other time perspective dimensions and temporal life satisfaction. Hierarchical multiple regressions showed that patients’ temporal life satisfaction was predicted by personality (Adjusted R2 = .17), but the time perspective dimensions largely contributed in this prediction (∆ Adjusted R2 change = .19). The unique predictors were the past positive (β = .25, p < .05) and present hedonistic (β = .50, p< .001) dimensions. This suggests that patients’ outlook of contemplation of the past and the present might have implications for well-being interventions among anorexia nervosa patients beyond their personality traits.

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