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Embodied cognition and circular causality: on the role of constitutive autonomy in the reciprocal coupling of perception and action

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare D. Vernon
Robert Lowe
S. Thill
T. Ziemke
Publicerad i Frontiers in Psychology
Volym 6
ISSN 1664-1078
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi (GU)
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01660
Ämnesord embodied cognition, autonomy, agency, circular causality, homeostasis, allostasis, premotor cortex, dynamics, behavior, emotion, systems, phenomenology, evolutionary, organization, simulation, emergence, Psychology
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Annan samhällsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

The reciprocal coupling of perception and action in cognitive agents has been firmly established: perceptions guide action but so too do actions influence what is perceived. While much has been said on the implications of this for the agent's external behavior, less attention has been paid to what it means for the internal bodily mechanisms which underpin cognitive behavior. In this article, we wish to redress this by reasserting that the relationship between cognition, perception, and action involves a constitutive element as well as a behavioral element, emphasizing that the reciprocal link between perception and action in cognition merits a renewed focus on the system dynamics inherent in constitutive biological autonomy. Our argument centers on the idea that cognition, perception, and action are all dependent on processes focussed primarily on the maintenance of the agent's autonomy. These processes have an inherently circular nature self-organizing, self producing, and self-maintaining and our goal is to explore these processes and suggest how they can explain the reciprocity of perception and action. Specifically, we argue that the reciprocal coupling is founded primarily on their endogenous roles in the constitutive autonomy of the agent and an associated circular causality of global and local processes of self regulation, rather than being a mutual sensory-motor contingency that derives from exogenous behavior. Furthermore, the coupling occurs first and foremost via the internal milieu realized by the agent's organismic embodiment. Finally, we consider how homeostasis and the related concept of allostasis contribute to this circular self regulation.

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