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Bureaucratic structure, regulatory quality, and entrepreneurship in a comparative perspective: Cross-sectional and panel data evidence

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Marina Nistotskaya
Cingolani Luciana
Publicerad i Journal of public administration research and theory
Volym 26
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 519-534
ISSN 1053-1858
Publiceringsår 2016
Publicerad vid Quality of Government Institute (QoG)
Statsvetenskapliga institutionen
Sidor 519-534
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muv026
Ämnesord public bureaucracy meritocratic recruitment enterpreneurship
Ämneskategorier Statsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

The article examines the effect of meritocratic recruitment and tenure protection in public bureaucracies on regulatory quality and business entry rates in a global sample. Utilizing a cross-country measure on the extent of meritocratic entry to bureaucracy and a time-series indicator of tenure protection, it subjects theoretical claims that these features improve the epistemic qualities of bureaucracies and also serve as a credible commitment device to empirical test. We find that, conditional on a number of economic, political, and legal factors, countries where bureaucracies are more insulated from day-to-day oversight by individual politicians through the institutional features under consideration tend to have both better regulation, specifically business regulation, and higher rates of business entry. Our findings suggest that bureaucratic structure has an indirect effect on entrepreneurship rates through better regulatory quality, but also exert a direct independent effect.

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