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Group belongingness and collective action: Effects of need to belong and rejection sensitivity on willingness to participate in protest activities

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Emma Bäck
H. Bäck
H. M. Knapton
Publicerad i Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volym 56
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor 537-544
ISSN 0036-5564
Förlag Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 537-544
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12225
Ämnesord Collective action, Personality, Rejection, Social exclusion
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Engaging in political protests are becoming increasingly common, and considering the potential, individual, costs and the low probability of affecting the political outcome, it is necessary to understand the motivations behind such actions. The desire to be part of a social group is deeply rooted in human nature, and previous research proposes that the groups one belongs to may influence the decision to engage in protests. We build on this research and suggest that social exclusion, individual fear of exclusion and need to belong interact in explaining who is likely to become engaged. In two studies, one natural experiment and one lab-experiment, we show that social exclusion increase willingness to participate in protests for individuals high in both rejection sensitivity and need to belong. We conclude that contextual factors, such as exclusion or marginalization should be considered in relation to individual level personality factors when explaining who is likely to become engaged in political protests. These results are important since they suggest that some people engage in politics simply due to social reasons and are less ideologically motivated. © 2015 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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