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Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans serotypes and DGGE subtypes in Thai adults with chronic periodontitis

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare N. Pahumunto
P. Ruangsri
M. Wongsuwanlert
S. Piwat
Gunnar Dahlén
R. Teanpaisan
Publicerad i Archives of Oral Biology
Volym 60
Nummer/häfte 12
Sidor 1789-1796
ISSN 0003-9969
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi, sektion 3
Sidor 1789-1796
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.20...
Ämnesord Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Chronic periodontitis , DGGE , Leukotoxin gene , Serotype , Subtype
Ämneskategorier Odontologi

Sammanfattning

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Objective To investigate the distribution of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans serotypes and DGGE subtypes among isolates from Thai chronic periodontitis patients. Design Forty-four adult Thai periodontitis patients were assessed by a full mouth recording for CAL, PPD, and BOP. Seventy-nine strains of A. actinomycetemcomitans were isolated from deep pockets on selective TSBV agar and 17 strains were isolated from shallow pockets. The strains were serotyped using PCR and subtyped using DGGE. Results The prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans was 84.1%. Non-serotypeable A. actinomycetemcomitans strains occurred equally frequent as serotypeable (54.5%); serotype a 18.2%, serotype c 15.9%, serotype e 9.1%, and serotype f 11.4%. Serotype b and d were not detected. A JP2 like strain but serotyped as c was isolated from two patients, and another two strains showed an 886 bp insertion on the ltx promoter of their A. actinomycetemcomitans isolates. DGGE typing disclosed 16 different subtypes among the non-serotypeable strains. Two of them (NS1 and NS2) were more common (12.7 and 10.1%) among the strains than the other 14 subtypes (<5.1%). Most patients showed only one subtype (32.4%) but 29.7% had 2 and 3 different subtypes while 8.1% revealed 4 subtypes in one and the same deep pocket. Conclusion This study showed a greater subtype diversity of A. actinomycetemcomitans predominated by non-serotypeable strains than previously reported in an adult Thai population. It was also revealed for the first time that isolates with a 530 bp deletion or 886 bp insertion of the ltx promoter were serotyped as serotype c.

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