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Migration of the Swedish Tertiary Educated

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Aimee Haley
Publicerad i Gender and Education Conference, Bloomington, Indiana, USA, 28-30 May
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik
Språk en
Ämnesord gender, higher education, mobility, migration
Ämneskategorier Utbildningsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

While international migration and brain drain have been the focus of much research as of late (Solimano, 2008), national migration of the tertiary educated has received less attention (Hansen & Niedomysl, 2009; Wikhall, 2002). This study focuses on the movement of human capital by way of tertiary educated individuals in Sweden. Higher education institutions have a key role in the development of human capital within a population; however, the role these institutions have in redistributing this human capital to surrounding areas remains unclear. Swedish university colleges were established to meet the growing needs of local labor markets and to educate individuals outside urban areas. The intent was for these institutions to increase educational access and to stimulate local economies and the growth of innovative ideas (Danilda & Granat Thorslund, 2011). However, data from the Swedish Council for Higher Education (Universitets och Högskolerådet) shows that highly educated individuals tend to move to Sweden’s largest cities before beginning their studies and upon completion if they studied outside the larger metropolitan areas (HSV, 2011). Individuals’ social space (Bourdieu, 1989; 1985), such as their educational pathways, prior migration behavior, gender, and socio-economic background shape individuals’ perceptions, so they are expected to impact the migration behaviors of the tertiary educated in this study. Gender is of particular interest since it intersects individuals’ early educational decisions, leading to gender differentiation in fields of study, which transfers to the labor market. Regional gendered economies and labor market structures in relation to migration behaviors is also of interest. Thus, the primary question this study seeks to answer is: Which student groups stay in the region where they studied, who moves to a location within commuting distance, and who makes a long distance move after completing their studies? The influence of gendered space on migration behavior is taken into account in the analysis. This study is longitudinal and analyzes the entire Swedish population born between 1973 and 1978 who studied at a higher education institution in Sweden for at least two years. The most recent data is from 2011 when this population was aged between 29 and 34 years. Regression analysis is used

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