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Looking Closer at the Emotional Child Victim Effect: Eye Tracking and Camera Perspectives

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Mikaela Magnusson
Sara Landström
Publicerad i The 11th meeting of the Nordic Network for Research on Psychology and Law (NNPL), Reykjavik (Iceland), October 30-31, 2015
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Språk en
Ämnesord Camera Perspective Bias, Emotional Victim Effect, Eye Tracking, Child Victim, Video Technique
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Tillämpad psykologi

Sammanfattning

Child interviews are often video-recorded for further use in a police investigation or an upcoming trial. Considering that police interviews are, in some countries, the only way for children to share their testimony with a court, it is of utmost importance that these video documentation procedures are unbiased. Previous research on camera perspectives in legal settings has demonstrated that visual framing can have substantial effects on judgements regarding suspect confessions. Illusory causation and perceptual registration of incoming information have been put forth as underlying structures for the camera bias phenomenon. The aim for the present study was, thus, to examine if credibility judgements of an emotional child victim would differ as a function of the two most commonly used camera techniques in Sweden (Balanced Focus vs. Picture-in-Picture). Additionally, we mapped visual focus patterns using Eye Tracking to examine the mediating effects of visual attention for camera perspective effects. Fifty-five participants (25 men and 30 women) volunteered to participate in a between-groups design with camera condition as independent variable. Eye tracking was carried out with a Tobii T120 Eye Tracking device and recorded using Tobii Studio 3.0.9 software. Data is currently being analysed and will be presented at the conference.

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