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New NCI-N87-derived human gastric epithelial line after human telomerase catalytic subunit over-expression

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare K. Saraiva-Pava
Nazanin Navabi
Emma C Skoog
Sara K. Lindén
M. Oleastro
M. Roxo-Rosa
Publicerad i World Journal of Gastroenterology
Volym 21
Nummer/häfte 21
Sidor 6526-6542
ISSN 1007-9327
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för medicinsk kemi och cellbiologi
Sidor 6526-6542
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v21.i21.6526
Ämnesord Helicobacter pylori infection, Pathogenesis, Human gastric epithelium, Cellular model, NCI-N87 cells, HELICOBACTER-PYLORI INFECTION, CANCER CELL-LINES, IN-VITRO MODEL, E-CADHERIN, MUCIN, IMMORTALIZATION, ESTABLISHMENT, PATHOGENESIS, BARRIER, DISEASE, Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Ämneskategorier Medicinsk bioteknologi (med inriktning mot cellbiologi (inklusive stamcellsbiologi), molekylärbiologi, mikrobiologi, biokemi eller biofarmaci)


AIM: To establish a cellular model correctly mimicking the gastric epithelium to overcome the limitation in the study of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. METHODS: Aiming to overcome this limitation, clones of the heterogenic cancer-derived NCI-N87 cell line were isolated, by stably-transducing it with the human telomerase reverse-transcriptase (hTERT) catalytic subunit gene. The clones were first characterized regarding their cell growth pattern and phenotype. For that we measured the clones' adherence properties, expression of cell-cell junctions' markers (ZO-1 and E-cadherin) and ability to generate a sustained transepithelial electrical resistance. The gastric properties of the clones, concerning expression of mucins, zymogens and glycan contents, were then evaluated by haematoxylin and eosin staining, Periodic acid Schiff (PAS) and PAS/Alcian Blue-staining, immunocytochemistry and Western blot. In addition, we assessed the usefulness of the hTERT-expressing gastric cell line for H. pylori research, by performing co-culture assays and measuring the IL-8 secretion, by ELISA, upon infection with two H. pylori strains differing in virulence. RESULTS: Compared with the parental cell line, the most promising NCI-hTERT-derived clones (CL5 and CL6) were composed of cells with homogenous phenotype, presented higher relative telomerase activities, better adhesion properties, ability to be maintained in culture for longer periods after confluency, and were more efficient in PAS-reactive mucins secretion. Both clones were shown to produce high amounts of MUC1, MUC2 and MUC13. NCI-hTERT-CL5 mucins were shown to be decorated with blood group H type 2 (BG-H), Lewis-x (Le(x)), Le(y) and Le(a) and, in a less extent, with BG-A antigens, but the former two antigens were not detected in the NCI-hTERT-CL6. None of the clones exhibited detectable levels of MUC6 nor sialylated Le(x) and Le(a) glycans. Entailing good gastric properties, both NCI-hTERT-clones were found to produce pepsinogen-5 and human gastric lipase. The progenitor-like phenotype of NCI-hTERT-CL6 cells was highlighted by large nuclei and by the apical vesicular-like distribution of mucin 5AC and Pg5, supporting the accumulation of mucus-secreting and zymogens-chief mature cells functions. CONCLUSION: These traits, in addition to resistance to microaerobic conditions and good responsiveness to H. pylori co-culture, in a strain virulence-dependent manner, make the NCI-hTERT-CL6 a promising model for future in vitro studies.

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