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A multifaceted 'omics' approach for addressing the challenge of antimicrobial resistance

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare A. Cohen
L. Bont
D. Engelhard
Edward R.B. Moore
D. Fernandez
R. Kreisberg-Greenblatt
K. Oved
E. Eden
J. P. Hays
Publicerad i Future Microbiology
Volym 10
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 365-376
ISSN 1746-0913
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin
Sidor 365-376
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.2217/fmb.14.127
Ämnesord antibiotic resistance, bioinformatics, genomics, mass spectrometry, microbiota, proteomics, COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA, GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION, CHRONIC, HEPATITIS-C, INFECTIOUS-DISEASE, ABACAVIR HYPERSENSITIVITY, GENETIC-VARIATION, HUMAN MICROBIOME, HEALTH, HLA-B-ASTERISK-5701, ANTIBIOTICS, Microbiology
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

The inappropriate use of antibiotics has severe global health and economic consequences, including the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. A major driver of antibiotic misuse is the inability to accurately distinguish between bacterial and viral infections based on currently available diagnostic solutions. A multifaceted 'omics' approach that integrates personalized patient data such as genetic predisposition to infections (genomics), natural microbiota composition and immune response to infection (proteomics and transcriptomics) together with comprehensive pathogen profiling has the potential to help physicians improve their antimicrobial prescribing practices. In this respect, the EU has funded a multidisciplinary project (TAILORED-Treatment) that will develop novel omics-based personalized treatment schemes that have the potential to reduce antibiotic consumption, and help limiting the spread of antibiotic resistance.

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