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Neuropsychiatric Disorders at Childhood and Character (Self-directedness and Cooperativeness) in Adolescence as Predictors of Negative Outcomes in 18 Years Old Twins

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Danilo Garcia
Fariba Mousavi
Henrik Anckarsäter
Publicerad i 4th World Congress on Positive Psychology. Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA.
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa
Språk en
Ämnesord ADHD, ASDs, Character, Cooperativeness, Criminality, Substance Abuse, Self-directedness, Twins
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin, Psykiatri, Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Background: Cloninger’s psychobiological model defines personality as a self-organizing multidimensional complex adaptive system composed of temperament (i.e., individual differences in automatic responses to emotional stimuli) and character (i.e., individual differences in intentional goals and values). More recently, for instance, low levels of character have been linked to ADHD, ASDs, criminality, and substance abuse. Nevertheless, deficits in character may as well only be part of the disorders. Method: We used longitudinal data from the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden: diagnosis at 9/12 years of age, character measured at 15 and 18 years of age, self- reported criminality and substance abuse at 18 years of age. Results: Hierarchical regressions showed that the diagnosis at 9/12 years of age slightly predicted negative outcomes at 18 (R2 = .02, p < .001). Character at 15 added 10% in prediction value (R2 change = .10, p < .001) to the model, while character at 18 added 6% in prediction value (R2 change = .06, p < .001). Conclusion: The results suggest that character development is a independent predictor of negative outcomes in life. Thus, interventions targeting character development might be successful even among individuals with neuropsychiatric disorders.

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