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Affective Profiles’ Motivation to Exercise, Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise, and Propensity to Exercise During a Six-Month Period

Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet)
Författare Erik Lindskär
Fredrik Ryberg
Fariba Mousavi
Patricia Rosenberg
Trevor Archer
Danilo Garcia
Publicerad i 4th World Congress on Positive Psychology. Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA.
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa
Språk en
Ämnesord Affective Profiles Model, Exercise, Motivation, Negative Affect, Positive Affect, Psychological Needs.
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Conceptualizing affect as a two system model leads to four profiles: self-fulfilling (high positive affect, low negative affect); high affective (high positive affect, high negative affect); low affective (low positive affect, low negative affect); and self-destructive (low positive affect, high negative affect). Using this model as the framework, we investigated 158 individuals’ training frequency for six months back in time (electronically measured) and its relation to motivation (Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire 2) and basic psychological needs (Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale). Training frequency was not significantly different between profiles. The self-destructive profile’s training motivation was regulated by cohesions from the environment (e.g., “I train because other people say I should”) and both guiltiness (e.g., “I feel guilty when I don’t exercise”) and ability to manage the training program (i.e., competence) predicted their exercise frequency during the six months. The self-fulfilling profile scored higher in all basic psychological needs: autonomy (i.e., feeling training was their own choice), competence (i.e., being able to manage the training program), and relatedness (i.e., feeling comfortable with other people at the gym). Nevertheless, feeling social relatedness at the gym was associated to less frequent exercise for individuals with a high affective profile.

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