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A Description of the Prehospital Phase of Aortic Dissection in Terms of Early Suspicion and Treatment.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Christer Axelsson
Thomas Karlsson
Katarina Pande
Kristin Wigertz
Per Örtenwall
Joakim Nordanstig
Johan Herlitz
Publicerad i Prehospital and disaster medicine
Volym 30
Nummer/häfte 02
Sidor 155-162
ISSN 1049-023X
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid
Sidor 155-162
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

Purpose Aortic dissection is difficult to detect in the early phase due to a variety of symptoms. This report describes the prehospital setting of aortic dissection in terms of symptoms, treatment, and suspicion by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS) staff. Basic Procedures All patients in the Municipality of Gothenburg, Sweden, who, in 2010 and 2011, had a hospital discharge diagnosis of aortic dissection (international classification of disease (ICD) I 71,0) were included. The exclusion criteria were: age < 18 years of age and having a planned operation. This was a retrospective, descriptive study based on patient records. In the statistical analyses, Fisher's exact test and the Mann-Whitney U test were used for analyses of dichotomous and continuous/ordered variables. Main findings Of 92 patients, 78% were transported to the hospital by the EMS. The most common symptom was pain (94%). Pain was intensive or very intensive in 89% of patients, with no significant difference in relation to the use of the EMS. Only 47% of those using the EMS were given pain relief with narcotic analgesics. Only 12% were free from pain on admission to the hospital. A suspicion of aortic dissection was reported by the EMS staff in only 17% of cases. The most common preliminary diagnosis at the dispatch center (31%) and by EMS clinicians (52%) was chest pain or angina pectoris. In all, 79% of patients were discharged alive from the hospital (75% of those that used the EMS and 95% of those that did not).

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