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Oral health and dental care among children and adolescents with ADHD - A retrospective and exploratory study.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Marie Staberg
Jörgen G Norén
Mats Johnson
Svenny Kopp
Agneta Robertson
Publicerad i Journal of Disability and Oral Health
Volym 15
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 5-13
ISSN 1470-8558
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Gillbergcentrum
Institutionen för odontologi, sektion 3
Sidor 5-13
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Hälsovetenskaper, Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap

Sammanfattning

Aim and objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the oral health and dental care for a group of children and adolescents diagnosed ADHD. Design: Patients with ADHD, referred to the Gothenburg Child Neuropsychiatric Clinic, were invited to participate in the study. Thirty-one individuals responded and underwent a clinical examination and the parents answered a questionnaire and an interview. Retrospective data from dental records concerning caries, cancelled/missed appointments, treatments without notations of anaesthetics, dental trauma, dental behaviour management problems and number of prophylactic treatments, were compiled. Results: A high prevalence of caries was found in all ages. The calculated risk of developing caries showed that 100% of this group had or will develop caries by the age of 19 years. Treatment without notations of local anaesthetics, behaviour management problems, missed appointments and cancellations were common. Visual plaque was found in a majority of the individuals (17/31) despite numerous occasions for prophylactic treatment. Dental traumatic injuries (20/31) were spread over different ages and several subjects had experienced more than one. Conclusions: In conclusion, this group of children with ADHD exhibited a high number of missed appointments, cancellations and a caries prevalence.

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