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Differences between Affective Profiles in Temperament and Character in Salvadorians: The Self-fulfilling Experience as a Function of Agentic (Self-directedness) and Communal (Cooperativeness) Values

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Danilo Garcia
Ghiabi Bibinaz
Patricia Rosenberg
Ali Al Nima
Trevor Archer
Publicerad i International Journal of Happiness and Development
Volym 2
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 22-37
ISSN 2049-2790
Publiceringsår 2015
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa
Sidor 22-37
Språk en
Länkar doi.org/10.1504/IJHD.2015.067592
Ämnesord Affective Profiles; Cloninger’s Psychobiological Model; Negative Affect; Positive Affect; TCI, Temperament and Character
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Hälsovetenskaper, Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

Background: We used the affective profiles model to investigate differences in personality with respect to different combinations of Positive (PA) and negative affect (NA). Method: The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule was used to categorize 135 Salvadorians into four affective profiles: self-fulfilling (high PA and Low NA), high affective (high PA and high NA), low affective (low PA and low NA), and self-destructive (low PA and high NA). Personality was measured using the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised. Results: High NA individuals reported higher levels of Harm Avoidance, while high PA individuals reported higher levels of Persistence. Self-destructives reported lower levels of Self-directedness compared to all profiles, while Cooperativeness was higher only among self-fulfilling individuals. Nevertheless, also low affectives scored high in Self-directedness. Conclusion: The discerned differences in character suggest that the self-fulfilling experience, defined as frequently experiencing positive emotions and infrequently experiencing negative emotions, is a function of agentic values in conjunction with communal values.

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