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Public relations and neoinstitutional theory

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Magnus Fredriksson
Josef Pallas
Stefan Wehmeier
Publicerad i Puublic Relations Inquiry
Volym 2
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 183-203
ISSN 2046-147X
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för journalistik, medier och kommunikation (JMG)
Sidor 183-203
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1177/2046147X13485956
Ämnesord neo-institutional theory, public relations
Ämneskategorier Företagsekonomi, Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

Sammanfattning

The article introduces a special section on public relations and neo-institutional theory where we seek to enrich research on public relations by using neo-institutional theory to describe, explain and understand the activities, processes and dynamics of the practice. By this we open up for a wider understanding of public relations, its preconditions, its performances and its consequences for shaping the social. The article starts with a discussion on earlier work in the tradition of neo-institutional theory where a lot of attention was paid to the governing mechanisms of institutions and how they control the behavior of actors. A perspective leading to some fundamental challenges where the primary objection was the over-determinism neo-institutional researchers ascribed to institutions. Taking these objectives seriously we follow more recent developments and present three streams of research – institutional logics, translation and institutional work – where agency is given a more profound role. We argue for how an employment of the logic can help us gain a more insightful understanding of public relations and communication as an institutional practice; how public relations functions as a carrier and translator of institutions; and how public relations is used to challenge and re-shape the foundations on which social actors interact with each other. We argue that public relations could be analyzed as an institutionalized practice with certain set of governing mechanisms including taken-for-granted activities, rules, norms and ideas. One argument for a neo-institutional perspective is the importance it gives communication in the understanding of organizations, institutions and society. Another argument is recent developments where public relations and other forms of organizational communication have been examined as a major dimension of organizing in some of the more profound works among neo-institutional theorists.

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