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Oxidative and nitrosative stress enzymes in relation to nitrotyrosine in Helicobacter pylori -infected humans

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Anders Elfvin
Anders Edebo
Peter Hallersund
Anna Casselbrant
Lars Fändriks
Publicerad i World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Volym 5
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 373-379
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för gastrokirurgisk forskning och utbildning
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för pediatrik
Sidor 373-379
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.4291/wjgp.v5.i3.373
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/138542
Ämnesord Helicobacter pylori; Radical; Myeloperoxi- dase; Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate; Nitrotyrosine; Gastric
Ämneskategorier Immunbiologi

Sammanfattning

AIM: To compare a possible relation between Helico- bacter pylori (H. pylori) and the oxygen- and nitrogen radical system in humans. METHODS: Mechanisms for H. pylori to interfere with the oxygen and nitrogen radical system is of great im- portance for understanding of the H. pylori persistence and pathogenesis. Biopsies were obtained from the gastric wall of 21 individuals. Ongoing infection with H. pylori was detected using direct analyze from the biop- sies using campylobacter-like organism test (CLO-test) and/or by using 14C-urea breath test. The individuals were divided in a negative H. pylori and a positive H. pylori group. Expression in the gastric mucosa of induc- ible nitric oxide syntase (iNOS), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase (NADPH-oxidase) my- eloperoxidase (MPO), and nitrotyrosine were assessed by Western blotting. RESULTS: The individuals who undervent gastroscopy were divided in a H. pylori neg. [n = 13, m/f = 7/6, age(mean)=39]andaH.pylori pos.group[n=8,m/ f = 5/3, age (mean) = 53]. Using western blot analy- sis iNOS was detected as a 130 kDa band. The iNOS expression was upregulated in the antrum of H. pylori infected individuals in comparison to the controls, mean ± SD being 12.6 ± 2.4vs 8.3 ± 3.1,P < 0.01. There was a markedly upregulated expression of MPO in the antrum of H. pylori infected individuals in comparison to the control group without infection. In several of non- infected controls it was not possible to detect any MPO expression at all, whereas the expression was high in all the infected subjects, mean ± SD being 5.1 ± 3.4 vs 2.1 ± 1.9, P < 0.05. The NADPH-oxidase expression was analysed by detecting the NADPH-oxidase subunit p47-phox expression. P47-phox was detected as a 47 kDa band using Western blot, and showed a signifi- cantly higher expression of p47-phox in the antrum of the H. pylori infected individuals compared to the con- trols, mean ± SD being 3.1 ± 2.2vs 0.3 ± 0.2,P < 0.01. Regarding nitrotyrosine formation, Western blot did not show any significant increase or decrease compared to controls, 7.0 ± 0.9 vs 6.9 ± 1.1, not significant. CONCLUSION: iNOS, MPO and NADPH-oxidase was up-regulated among H. pylori infected. Regarding ni- trotyrosine no difference was found. This support an H. pylori related inhibition of radical formation.

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