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Cytochrome P450 2C8 omega 3-Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Metabolites Increase Mouse Retinal Pathologic Neovascularization-Brief Report

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Z. Shao
Z. J. Fu
A. Stahl
J. S. Joyal
C. Hatton
A. Juan
C. Hurst
L. Evans
Z. H. Cui
D. Pei
Y. Gong
D. Xu
K. Tian
H. Bogardus
M. L. Edin
F. Lih
P. Sapieha
J. Chen
D. Panigrahy
Ann Hellström
D. C. Zeldin
L. E. H. Smith
Publicerad i Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
Volym 34
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 581-586
ISSN 1079-5642
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Sidor 581-586
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1161/atvbaha.113.3029...
Ämnesord angiogenesis factor; cytochrome P450 CYP2C8 (human); pathologic neovascularization
Ämneskategorier Hematologi

Sammanfattning

Objective Regulation of angiogenesis is critical for many diseases. Specifically, pathological retinal neovascularization, a major cause of blindness, is suppressed with dietary 3-long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (3LCPUFAs) through antiangiogenic metabolites of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase. Cytochrome P450 epoxygenases (CYP2C8) also metabolize LCPUFAs, producing bioactive epoxides, which are inactivated by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) to transdihydrodiols. The effect of these enzymes and their metabolites on neovascularization is unknown. Approach and Results The mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy was used to investigate retinal neovascularization. We found that CYP2C (localized in wild-type monocytes/macrophages) is upregulated in oxygen-induced retinopathy, whereas sEH is suppressed, resulting in an increased retinal epoxide:diol ratio. With a 3LCPUFA-enriched diet, retinal neovascularization increases in Tie2-driven human-CYP2C8-overexpressing mice (Tie2-CYP2C8-Tg), associated with increased plasma 19,20-epoxydocosapentaenoic acid and retinal epoxide:diol ratio. 19,20-Epoxydocosapentaenoic acids and the epoxide:diol ratio are decreased with overexpression of sEH (Tie2-sEH-Tg). Overexpression of CYP2C8 or sEH in mice does not change normal retinal vascular development compared with their wild-type littermate controls. The proangiogenic role in retina of CYP2C8 with both 3LCPUFA and 6LCPUFA and antiangiogenic role of sEH in 3LCPUFA metabolism were corroborated in aortic ring assays. Conclusions Our results suggest that CYP2C 3LCPUFA metabolites promote retinal pathological angiogenesis. CYP2C8 is part of a novel lipid metabolic pathway influencing retinal neovascularization.

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