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Personality in women and associations with mortality: a 40-year follow-up in the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Malin André
Eva Billstedt
Calle Bengtsson
Tore Hällström
Lauren Lissner
Ingmar Skoog
Valter Sundh
Margda Waern
Cecilia Björkelund
Publicerad i BMC Women's Health
Volym 14
Nummer/häfte 61
ISSN 1472-6874
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6874-14-61
Ämnesord Personality traits; Secular trends; Population-based cohort; Women; Longevity
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin, Hälsovetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Abstract Background The question of whether personality traits influence health has long been a focus for research and discussion. Therefore, this study was undertaken to examine possible associations between personality traits and mortality in women. Methods A population-based sample of women aged 38, 46, 50 and 54 years at initial examination in 1968–69 was followed over the course of 40 years. At baseline, 589 women completed the Cesarec-Marke Personality Schedule (the Swedish version of the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule) and the Eysenck Personality Inventory. Associations between personality traits and mortality were tested using Cox proportional hazards models. Results No linear associations between personality traits or factor indices and mortality were found. When comparing the lowest (Q1) and highest quartile (Q4) against the two middle quartiles (Q2 + Q3), the personality trait Succorance Q1 versus Q2 + Q3 showed hazard ratio (HR) = 1.37 (confidence interval (CI) = 1.08-1.74), and for the factor index Aggressive non-conformance, both the lowest and highest quartiles had a significantly higher risk of death compared to Q2 + Q3: for Q1 HR = 1.32 (CI = 1.03-1.68) and for Q4 HR = 1.36 (CI = 1.06-1.77). Neither Neuroticism nor Extraversion predicted total mortality. Conclusions Personality traits did not influence long term mortality in this population sample of women followed for 40 years from mid- to late life. One explanation may be that personality in women becomes more circumscribed due to the social constraints generated by the role of women in society.

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