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Complete Nucleotide Sequence and Analysis of Two Conjugative Broad Host Range Plasmids from a Marine Microbial Biofilm

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Peter Norberg
Malte Hermansson
Maria Bergström
Publicerad i Plos One
Volym 9
Nummer/häfte 3
ISSN 1932-6203
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi
Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för infektionssjukdomar
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.009...
Ämnesord RESISTANCE INCP-1 PLASMID, COMPLETE GENOME SEQUENCE, HORIZONTAL, GENE-TRANSFER, ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE, BACTERIAL COMMUNITIES, SEDIMENT, BACTERIA, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, TRANSPOSONS, RECOMBINATION, DIVERSITY, CLURE NC, 1989, APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, V55, P2627
Ämneskategorier Kemi, Biokemi och molekylärbiologi

Sammanfattning

The complete nucleotide sequence of plasmids pMCBF1 and pMCBF6 was determined and analyzed. pMCBF1 and pMCBF6 form a novel clade within the IncP-1 plasmid family designated IncP-1 sigma. The plasmids were exogenously isolated earlier from a marine biofilm. pMCBF1 (62 689 base pairs; bp) and pMCBF6 (66 729 bp) have identical backbones, but differ in their mercury resistance transposons. pMCBF1 carries Tn5053 and pMCBF6 carries Tn5058. Both are flanked by 5 bp direct repeats, typical of replicative transposition. Both insertions are in the vicinity of a resolvase gene in the backbone, supporting the idea that both transposons are "res-site hunters'' that preferably insert close to and use external resolvase functions. The similarity of the backbones indicates recent insertion of the two transposons and the ongoing dynamics of plasmid evolution in marine biofilms. Both plasmids also carry the insertion sequence ISPst1, albeit without flanking repeats. ISPs1is located in an unusual site within the control region of the plasmid. In contrast to most known IncP-1 plasmids the pMCBF1/pMCBF6 backbone has no insert between the replication initiation gene (trfA) and the vegetative replication origin (oriV). One pMCBF1/pMCBF6 block of about 2.5 kilo bases (kb) has no similarity with known sequences in the databases. Furthermore, insertion of three genes with similarity to the multidrug efflux pump operon mexEF and a gene from the NodT family of the tripartite multi-drug resistance-nodulation-division (RND) system in Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found. They do not seem to confer antibiotic resistance to the hosts of pMCBF1/pMCBF6, but the presence of RND on promiscuous plasmids may have serious implications for the spread of antibiotic multi-resistance.

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