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General population norms of the Swedish short forms of Oral Health Impact Profile

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare P. Larsson
M. T. John
Magnus Hakeberg
K. Nilner
T. List
Publicerad i Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Volym 41
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 275-281
ISSN 0305-182X
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Sidor 275-281
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12137
Ämnesord validity, reliability, short instruments, oral health-related quality of life, normative values, health-, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, VERSION, OHIP, TRANSLATION, VALIDITY, QUESTIONNAIRES, ALPHA
Ämneskategorier Odontologi

Sammanfattning

We reported the development and psychometric evaluation of a Swedish 14-item and a five-item short form of the Oral Health Impact Profile. The 14-item version was derived from the English-language short form developed by Slade in1997. The five-item version was derived from the German-language short form developed by John etal. in 2006. Validity, reliability and normative values for the two short form summary scores were determined in a random sample of the adult Swedish population (response rate: 46%, N=1366 subjects). Subjects with sufficient OHRQoL information to calculate a summary score (N=1309) were on average 50 center dot 1 +/- 17 center dot 4years old, and 54% were women. Short form summary scores correlated highly with the 49-item OHIP-S (r >= 0 center dot 97 for OHIP-S14, r >= 0 center dot 92 for OHIP-S5) and with self-report of oral health (r >= 0 center dot 41). Reliability, measured with Cronbach's alpha (0 center dot 91 for OHIP-S14, 0 center dot 77 for OHIP-S5), was sufficient. In the general population, 50% of the subjects had >= 2 OHIP-S14 score points and 10% had >= 11 points, respectively. Among subjects with their own teeth only and/or fixed dental prostheses and with partial removable dental prostheses, 50% of the population had >= 2 OHIP-S14 score points, and 10% had >= 11 points. For subjects with complete dentures, the corresponding figures were 3 and 24 points. OHIP-S5 medians for subjects in the three population groups were 1, 1 and 2 points. Swedish 14-item and 5-item short forms of the OHIP have sufficient psychometric properties and provide a detailed overview about impaired OHRQoL in Sweden. The norms will serve as reference values for future studies.

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