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Psychosocial conditions in adults with Crouzon syndrome: a follow-up study of 31 Swedish patients.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Sara Fischer
Robert Tovetjärn
Giovanni Maltese
Per-Erik Sahlin
Peter Tarnow
Lars Kölby
Publicerad i Journal of plastic surgery and hand surgery
Volym 48
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 244-247
ISSN 2000-6764
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för plastikkirurgi
Sidor 244-247
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3109/2000656X.2013.86...
Ämnesord craniofacial, syndrome
Ämneskategorier Plastikkirurgi

Sammanfattning

Abstract Crouzon syndrome presents with craniosynostosis, maxillary hypoplasia, exophtalmus, and sometimes hampered neuropsychological development. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the quality of life for adult patients with Crouzon syndrome. Forty patients with Crouzon syndrome born before 1990 could be identified. A questionnaire addressing education, employment, social relations, and quality-of-life was used. A matched control group was created for comparison. Logistic regression, correcting for the influence of age and sex, was used to compare patients and controls. Thirty-one patients and 285 controls answered the questionnaire. The level of education was lower in patients than in controls (p < 0.015). Patients were less often married or had a partner (p = 0.059), had fewer children of their own (p = 0.004), and had less experience of a sexual relationship (p < 0.001). The difference in housing was not significant, and only one patient lived in a care centre and three patients required a personal assistant to manage activities of daily living. The patients' estimation of their somatic health was equal to that of the controls, but the patients more often used anti-epileptic medication (p = 0.003). Periods of depressive mood were more common in patients (p = 0.001), but there was no difference between the groups regarding a general positive attitude to life. In conclusion, patients with Crouzon syndrome often have intellectual and social shortcomings that negatively affect their lives. However, the range of abilities is wide in this group.

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