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Affinity-matured recombinant immunotoxin targeting gangliosides 3 '-isoLM1 and 3 ', 6 '-isoLD1 on malignant gliomas

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare H. L. Piao
C. T. Kuan
V. Chandramohan
S. T. Keir
C. N. Pegram
X. H. Bao
Jan-Eric Månsson
I. H. Pastan
D. D. Bigner
Publicerad i Mabs
Volym 5
Nummer/häfte 5
Sidor 748-762
ISSN 1942-0862
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Sidor 748-762
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.4161/mabs.25860
Ämnesord ganglioside, recombinant immunotoxin, single-chain variable fragment, glioblastoma, affinity, SINGLE-CHAIN IMMUNOTOXIN, IN-VITRO, MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODIES, TUMORS, BRAIN, EXPRESSION, GROWTH, GD3, MENINGITIS, XENOGRAFTS
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin

Sammanfattning

About 60 percent of glioblastomas highly express the gangliosides 3-isoLM1 and 3,6-isoLD1 on the cell surface, providing ideal targets for brain tumor immunotherapy. A novel recombinant immunotoxin, DmAb14m-(scFv)-PE38KDEL (DmAb14m-IT), specific for the gangliosides 3-isoLM1 and 3,6-isoLD1, was constructed with improved affinity and increased cytotoxicity for immunotherapeutic targeting of glioblastoma. We isolated an scFv parental clone from a previously established murine hybridoma, DmAb14, that is specific to both 3-isoLM1 and 3,6-isoLD1. We then performed in vitro affinity maturation by CDR hotspot random mutagenesis. The binding affinity and specificity of affinity-matured DmAb14m-IT were measured by surface-plasmon resonance, flow cytometry, and immunohistochemical analysis. In vitro cytotoxicity of DmAb14m-IT was measured by protein synthesis inhibition and cell death assays in human cell lines expressing gangliosides 3-isoLM1 and 3,6-isoLD1 (D54MG and D336MG) and xenograft-derived cells (D2224MG). As a result, the K-D of DmAb14m-IT for gangliosides 3-isoLM1 and 3,6-isoLD1 was 2.6 x 10(-9)M. Also, DmAb14m-IT showed a significantly higher internalization rate in cells expressing 3-isoLM1 and 3,6-isoLD1. The DmAb14m-IT IC50 was 80 ng/mL (1194 pM) on the D54MG cell line, 5 ng/ml (75 pM) on the D336MG cell line, and 0.5 ng/ml (7.5 pM) on the D2224MG xenograft-derived cells. There was no cytotoxicity on ganglioside-negative HEK293 cells. Immunohistochemical analysis confirmed the specific apparent affinity of DmAb14m-IT with 3-isoLM1 and 3,6-isoLD1. In conclusion, DmAb14m-IT showed specific binding affinity, a significantly high internalization rate, and selective cytotoxicity on glioma cell lines and xenograft-derived cells expressing 3-isoLM1 and 3,6-isoLD1, thereby displaying robust therapeutic potential for testing the antitumor efficacy of DmAb14m-IT at the preclinical level and eventually in the clinical setting.

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