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Social climate as a mediator between leadership behavior and employee well-being in a cross-cultural perspective

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Tuija Muhonen
Sandra Jönsson
Leif Denti
Kan Chen
Publicerad i Journal of Management Development
Volym 32
Nummer/häfte 10
Sidor 1040-1055
ISSN 0262-1711
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 1040-1055
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1108/JMD-02-2012-0034
Ämnesord Leadership behavior, social climate, well-being, cross-cultural
Ämneskategorier Tillämpad psykologi

Sammanfattning

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the direct effects of empowering and employee-centered leadership on well-being, and the indirect or mediating role of social organizational climate between leadership behavior and well-being in a cross-cultural perspective. Design/methodology/approach – Questionnaires were distributed in two furniture retail stores in Sweden and two stores in China belonging to the same company. The final sample consisted of 483 participants from the Chinese and 254 participants from the Swedish stores. Findings – The results of the structural equation modeling showed that there was no direct effect between leadership behavior (employee-centered leadership and empowering leadership) and well-being in neither the Swedish nor the Chinese sample. Further, the findings of the study indicate that social climate mediates the relationship between leadership behavior and employee well-being, but this seems to be culturally contingent. The mediating effect is prevalent in a culture that has been considered as having a collective orientation and where the power distance is high. Research limitations/applications – Despite some methodological limitations such as the cross-sectional design and problems with acquiescence in responses, the results indicate the complexity of the role of culture in organizational behavior. Practical implications – Managers working in increasingly globalized contexts need to take into consideration that some organizational behaviors gradually become more universal, whereas others remain culturally contingent. Originality/value – The paper illustrates the complex relationship between leadership behavior, social climate and employee well-being in the same corporate culture, but in different cultural settings.

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