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First report from the Swedish National Forensic Psychiatric Register (SNFPR)

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Alessio Degl'Innocenti
Linda Hassing
Ann-Sophie Lindqvist
Hans Andersson
Lars Eriksson
Frances Hagelbäck Hanson
Nina Möller
Thomas Nilsson
Björn Hofvander
Henrik Anckarsäter
Publicerad i International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Volym 37
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 231–237
ISSN 0160-2527
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi
Psykologiska institutionen
Centrum för etik, juridik och mental hälsa
Sidor 231–237
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2013.11.0...
Ämnesord SNFPR; Swedish; Forensic; Psychiatric; Register
Ämneskategorier Neurovetenskap, Psykiatri

Sammanfattning

To the best of our knowledge, the present register is the only nationwide forensic psychiatric patient register in the world. The aim of this article is to describe the content of the Swedish National Forensic Psychiatric Register (SNFPR) for Swedish forensic patients for the year 2010. The subjects are individuals who, in connection with prosecution due to criminal acts, have been sentenced to compulsory forensic psychiatric treatment in Sweden. The results show that in 2010, 1476 Swedish forensic patients were assessed in the SNFPR; 1251 (85%) were males and 225 (15%) were females. Almost 60% of the patients had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, with a significantly higher frequency among males than females. As many as 70% of the patients had a previous history of outpatient psychiatric treatment before becoming a forensic psychiatric patient, with a mean age at first contact with psychiatric care of about 20 years old for both sexes. More than 63% of the patients had a history of addiction, with a higher proportion of males than females. Furthermore, as many as 38% of all patients committed crimes while under the influence of alcohol and/or illicit drugs. This was more often the case for men than for women. Both male and female patients were primarily sentenced for crimes related to life and death (e.g., murder, assault). However, there were more females than males in treatment for general dangerous crimes (e.g., arson), whereas men were more often prosecuted for crimes related to sex. In 2010, as many as 70% of all forensic patients in Sweden had a prior sentence for a criminal act, and males were prosecuted significantly more often than females. The most commonly prescribed pharmaceuticals for both genders were antipsychotics, although more women than men were prescribed other pharmaceuticals, such as antidepressants, antiepileptics, and anxiolytics. The result from the present study might give clinicians an opportunity to reflect upon and challenge their traditional treatment methods.

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