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Lysosomal Network Proteins as Potential Novel CSF Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Disease.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Andrea Armstrong
Niklas Mattsson
Hanna Appelqvist
Camilla Janefjord
Linnea Sandin
Lotta Agholme
Bob Olsson
Samuel Svensson
Kaj Blennow
Henrik Zetterberg
Katarina Kågedal
Publicerad i Neuromolecular medicine
ISSN 1559-1174
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid
Språk en
Ämneskategorier Neurokemi

Sammanfattning

The success of future intervention strategies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) will likely rely on the development of treatments starting early in the disease course, before irreversible brain damage occurs. The pre-symptomatic stage of AD occurs at least one decade before the clinical onset, highlighting the need for validated biomarkers that reflect this early period. Reliable biomarkers for AD are also needed in research and clinics for diagnosis, patient stratification, clinical trials, monitoring of disease progression and the development of new treatments. Changes in the lysosomal network, i.e., the endosomal, lysosomal and autophagy systems, are among the first alterations observed in an AD brain. In this study, we performed a targeted search for lysosomal network proteins in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Thirty-four proteins were investigated, and six of them, early endosomal antigen 1 (EEA1), lysosomal-associated membrane proteins 1 and 2 (LAMP-1, LAMP-2), microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), Rab3 and Rab7, were significantly increased in the CSF from AD patients compared with neurological controls. These results were confirmed in a validation cohort of CSF samples, and patients with no neurochemical evidence of AD, apart from increased total-tau, were found to have EEA1 levels corresponding to the increased total-tau levels. These findings indicate that increased levels of LAMP-1, LAMP-2, LC3, Rab3 and Rab7 in the CSF might be specific for AD, and increased EEA1 levels may be a sign of general neurodegeneration. These six lysosomal network proteins are potential AD biomarkers and may be used to investigate lysosomal involvement in AD pathogenesis.

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