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Caries-risk profile variations after short-term use of 5000 ppm fluoride toothpaste.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Alaa Mannaa
Guglielmo Campus
Anette Carlén
Peter Lingström
Publicerad i Acta odontologica Scandinavica
Volym 27
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 228-234
ISSN 1502-3850
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Institutionen för odontologi
Institutionen för odontologi, sektion 3
Sidor 228-234
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016357.2013.82...
Ämnesord Caries risk, cariogram, fluoride, toothpaste
Ämneskategorier Medicinska grundvetenskaper

Sammanfattning

Abstract Objective. To assess the caries risk following 6 weeks' use of 5000 ppm F toothpaste using 'Cariogram' software. Materials and methods. A total of 34 participants, 17 mothers and their teenage children, were enrolled in a 6-week clinical trial in which they were given 5000 ppm F toothpaste. They were followed consecutively for 6 weeks with visits that were 2 weeks apart (four in total). A clinical examination was done at baseline and salivary chair-side tests to record the buffer capacity and mutans streptococci (MS) and lactobacilli (LB) counts were performed at each visit. Based on these data, seven caries-related variables were collected and inserted into the Cariogram software to calculate the actual chance of avoiding caries. Results. The use of 5000 ppm F toothpaste resulted in a statistically significant modification of the caries-risk profile, increasing the actual chance of avoiding caries in the future among the mothers and teenagers at each visit following baseline (p < 0.01). The changes essentially related to the salivary parameters (buffer capacity, MS and LB counts). A statistically significant linear trend was observed for MS counts (p < 0.01) and the number of subjects with a salivary concentration of MS < 10(3) increased at each visit. The same trend was also observed for LB and buffer capacity scores (p = 0.04 and p = 0.03, respectively). Conclusions. The short-term use of 5000 ppm F toothpaste is able to reduce the caries risk, which can be clearly demonstrated using 'Cariogram' software.

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