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Inducible Brown Adipose Tissue, or Beige Fat, Is Anabolic for the Skeleton

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare S. Rahman
Y. L. Lu
P. J. Czernik
C. J. Rosen
Sven Enerbäck
B. Lecka-Czernik
Publicerad i Endocrinology
Volym 154
Nummer/häfte 8
Sidor 2687-2701
ISSN 0013-7227
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för medicinsk genetik och klinisk genetik
Sidor 2687-2701
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.2012-2162
Ämnesord BONE-MINERAL DENSITY, INSULIN-RESISTANCE, OSTEOCLAST FORMATION, BINDING, PROTEIN-2, ENERGY-METABOLISM, FACTOR FOXC2, MARROW FAT, OBESITY, MICE, EXPRESSION
Ämneskategorier Endokrinologi

Sammanfattning

It is known that insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with increased fractures and that brown adipose tissue (BAT) counteracts many if not all of the symptoms associated with type 2 diabetes. By the use of FoxC2(AD)(+/Tg) mice, a well-established model for induction of BAT, or beige fat, we present data extending the beneficial action of beige fat to also include a positive effect on bone. FoxC2(AD)(+/Tg) mice are lean and insulin-sensitive and have high bone mass due to increased bone formation associated with high bone turnover. Inducible BAT is linked to activation of endosteal osteoblasts whereas osteocytes have decreased expression of the Sost transcript encoding sclerostin and elevated expression of Rankl. Conditioned media (CM) collected from forkhead box c2 (FOXC2)-induced beige adipocytes activated the osteoblast phenotype and increased levels of phospho-AKT and beta-catenin in recipient cells. In osteocytes, the same media decreased Sost expression. Immunodepletion of CM with antibodies against wingless related MMTV integration site 10b (WNT10b) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) resulted in the loss of pro-osteoblastic activity, and the loss of increase in the levels of phospho-AKT and beta-catenin. Conversely, CM derived from cells overexpressing IGFBP2 or WNT10b restored osteoblastic activity in recipient cells. In conclusion, beige fat secretes endocrine/paracrine activity that is beneficial for the skeleton.

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