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The effects of question format and co-witness peer discussion on the confidence accuracy of children’s testimonies

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Sandra Buratti
Sandra MacLeod
Carl Martin Allwood
Publicerad i Social influence
Volym 9
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 189-205
ISSN 1553-4510
Publiceringsår 2014
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 189-205
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/15534510.2013.80...
Ämnesord Confidence, co-witness, peer-discussion, children, recall
Ämneskategorier Psykologi

Sammanfattning

Different types of social influence can affect eyewitness testimony. This study examined the effects of question format (free recall and prompts) and co-witness peer discussion on the confidence accuracy of memory reports of children aged 9–11 years. Pairs of children watched one of two perspectives of a film. Half of the pairs discussed the film; the rest discussed non-relevant topics. Children responding to prompts had a lower proportion of correct memory reports, were less confident, and showed poorer confidence accuracy compared with free recall. During free recall, the children showed near perfect confidence accuracy. No peer discussion effects were found; however, 33% of the children in the film discussion condition reported commission errors.

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