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Time-Dependent Effects of Systemic Lipopolysaccharide Injection on Regulators of Antioxidant Defence Nrf2 and PGC-1α in the Neonatal Rat Brain.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Fernando Correa
Elin Ljunggren
Jaspal Patil
Xiaoyang Wang
Henrik Hagberg
Carina Mallard
Mats Sandberg
Publicerad i Neuroimmunomodulation
Volym 20
Nummer/häfte 4
Sidor 185-193
ISSN 1423-0216
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för fysiologi
Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för medicinsk kemi och cellbiologi
Sidor 185-193
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1159/000347161
Ämneskategorier Neurologi

Sammanfattning

Background/Aims: Both excitotoxicity and neuroinflammation are associated with oxidative stress. One transcription factor, nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and one transcription cofactor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), increase the endogenous antioxidant defence and can thus modulate neuronal cell death. Here, we investigated the temporal effects (after 24 and 72 h) of systemic (i.p.) administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the cerebral Nrf2 and PGC-1α systems. Methods and Results: Seven-day-old rat pups were injected with LPS (0.3 mg/kg). After 24 h, the protein levels of γ-glutamylcysteine ligase modulatory subunit, γ-glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit, Nrf2, PGC-1α and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) were increased in parallel with decreased levels of Keap1. These effects were correlated with an increased level of phosphorylated Akt and elevated acetylation of histone 4. In contrast, 72 h following LPS, a decrease in the components of the Nrf2 system in parallel with an increase in Keap1 was observed. The down-regulation after 72 h correlated with phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, while there were no changes in PGC-1α and MnSOD protein levels or the acetylation/methylation pattern of histones. Conclusion: Systemic LPS in neonatal rats induced time-dependent changes in brain Nrf2 and PGC-1α that correlated well with the protective effect observed after 24 h (pre-conditioning) and the deleterious effects observed after 72 h (sensitizing) of systemic LPS reported earlier. Collectively, the results point towards Nrf2 and PGC-1α as a possible mechanism behind these effects.

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