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WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative 2008: weight, height and body mass index in 6-9-year-old children

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare T. M. A. Wijnhoven
J. M. A. van Raaij
A. Spinelli
A. I. Rito
R. Hovengen
M. Kunesova
G. Starc
H. Rutter
Agneta Sjöberg
A. Petrauskiene
U. O'Dwyer
S. Petrova
V. F. Sant'Angelo
M. Wauters
A. Yngve
I. M. Rubana
J. Breda
Publicerad i Pediatric Obesity
Volym 8
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 79-97
ISSN 2047-6310
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa
Institutionen för kost- och idrottsvetenskap
Sidor 79-97
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012...
Ämnesord Overweight, obesity, schoolchildren, COSI, school-aged children, preschool-children, overweight, prevalence, adolescents, trends, project, schoolchildren, definitions, methodology, GANIZATIONnull2007The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for, JLevine, RLevine, RFeltbower, RFeltbower, RConnor, AConnor, ARobinson, MRobinson, Bellizzi, MCFlegal, KMFlegal, KMDietz, WHDietz, WH20003201240BRITISH MEDICAL
Ämneskategorier Pediatrik

Sammanfattning

Background Nutritional surveillance in school-age children, using measured weight and height, is not common in the European Region of the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO Regional Office for Europe has therefore initiated the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. Objective To present the anthropometric results of data collected in 2007/2008 and to investigate whether there exist differences across countries and between the sexes. Methods Weight and height were measured in 69-year-old children in 12 countries. Prevalence of overweight, obesity, stunting, thinness and underweight as well as mean Z-scores of anthropometric indices of height, weight and body mass index were calculated. Results A total of 168832 children were included in the analyses and a school participation rate of more than 95% was obtained in 8 out of 12 countries. Stunting, underweight and thinness were rarely prevalent. However, 19.349.0% of boys and 18.442.5% of girls were overweight (including obesity and based on the 2007 WHO growth reference).The prevalence of obesity ranged from 6.0 to 26.6% among boys and from 4.6 to 17.3% among girls. Multi-country comparisons suggest the presence of a northsouth gradient with the highest level of overweight found in southern European countries. Conclusions Overweight among 69-year-old children is a serious public health concern and its variation across the European Region highly depends on the country. Comparable monitoring of child growth is possible across Europe and should be emphasized in national policies and implemented as part of action plans.

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