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Alcohol Use Disorder in Elderly Suicide Attempters: A Comparison Study

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Johanna Morin
Stefan Wiktorsson
Thomas Marlow
Pernille J Olesen
Ingmar Skoog
Margda Waern
Publicerad i American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volym 21
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 196-203
ISSN 1064-7481
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi
Sidor 196-203
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2012.10.0...
Ämnesord Alcohol use disorder, depression, elderly, suicide attempt, suicidal behavior, deliberate self-harm, older-adults, population, scale, depression, people, life, age
Ämneskategorier Klinisk medicin, Farmakologi

Sammanfattning

Objectives: To compare lifetime prevalence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) in older adults who were hospitalized in connection with a suicide attempt and in a population comparison group, as well as to compare previous suicidal behavior in attempters with and without AUD. Design: Case-comparison. Setting: Five hospitals in Western Sweden. Participants: Persons 70 years or older, who were treated in a hospital because of a suicide attempt during 2003-2006 were recruited. Of 133 eligible participants, 103 participants were enrolled (47 men, 56 women, mean age 80 years, response rate 77%). Four comparison subjects per case were randomly selected among participants in our late-life population studies. Measurements: Lifetime history of AUD in accordance with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, was discerned on the basis of interview data, case record review, and the hospital discharge register. Depression symptoms were rated using the Montgomery-Asberg Rating Scale. Results: AUD was observed in 26% of the cases and in 4% of the comparison group (odds ratio [OR]: 10.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.9-22.5). Associations were noted in men (OR: 9.5; 95% CI: 4.0-22.8) and women (OR: 12.0; 95% CI: 2.4-59.5). More than half of the cases with AUD and a third of those without AUD had made at least one prior suicide attempt. In these, AUD was associated with a longer interval between the first attempt and the index attempt. Conclusions: A strong association between AUD and hospital-treated suicide attempts was noted in both sexes in this northern European setting. Given the high rates of suicide worldwide in this fast-growing and vulnerable group, comparison studies in other settings are needed.

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