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Hearing-aid use and benefit: A long-term follow-up in patients undergoing surgery for otosclerosis.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Ylva Dahlin Redfors
Johan Hellgren
Claes Möller
Publicerad i International Journal of Audiology
Volym 52
Nummer/häfte 3
Sidor 194-199
ISSN 1499-2027
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för öron-, näs- och halssjukdomar
Sidor 194-199
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.3109/14992027.2012.75...
Ämnesord Otosclerosis; hearing impairment; stapedectomy; hearing aid; IOI-HA
Ämneskategorier Oto-rino-laryngologi

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The aims of the study were to assess hearing-aid uptake in patients with otosclerosis 28-30 years after stapedectomy and to evaluate hearing-aid benefit to users. Design: A retrospective study was performed; it included a review of medical records and follow-up 28-30 years after surgery, including audiometry, clinical examination, structured interview, and a validated questionnaire, IOI-HA. Study sample: Sixty-five patients, who had undergone stapedectomy at a tertiary referral center in 1977-79. Results: In 95% of the subjects there was a theoretical need for hearing-aid amplification at follow-up; 46% of the subjects had no hearing aids, while 26% had unilateral and 28% bilateral hearing aids. Hearing sensitivity in the best ear predicted hearing-aid uptake. Of the subjects with a hearing aid, 94% were everyday users and 54% were full-time users (> 8 hours/day). The subjects reported a high level of satisfaction (mean 4.5) and benefit (mean 4.2), but also residual activity limitations (mean 3.1). Conclusions: The study shows that there is an unmet need for long-term hearing rehabilitation among patients previously undergoing surgery for otosclerosis. The patients who were using hearing aids were generally very satisfied with their hearing aids, but they still reported residual activity limitations.

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