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Observations in the Ocean

Kapitel i bok
Författare Bert Rudels
Leif G Anderson
Patrik Eriksson
Eberhartd Fahrbach
Martin Jakobsson
Peter Jones
Humphery Melling
Simon Prinsenberg
Ursula Schauer
Tom Yao
Publicerad i Arctic Climate Change: The ACSYS Decade and Beyond, edited by P. Lemke and H.-W. Jacobi
Sidor 117-198
Förlag Springer
Förlagsort B.V
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi
Sidor 117-198
Språk en
Länkar link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2...
Ämnesord Arctic Ocean, water masses
Ämneskategorier Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap

Sammanfattning

Abstract The chapter begins with an overview of the exploratory work done in the Arctic Ocean from the mid nineteenth century to 1980, when its main features became known and a systematic study of the Arctic Ocean evolved. The following section concentrates on the decade between 1980 and 1990, when the fi rst scientific icebreaker expeditions penetrated into the Arctic Ocean, when large international programme were launched, and the understanding of the circulation and of the processes active in the Arctic Ocean deepened. The main third section deals with the studies and the advances made during the ACSYS decade. The section has three headings: the circulation and the transformation of water masses; the changes that have been observed in the Arctic Ocean, especially during the last decades; and the transports between the Arctic Ocean and the surrounding world ocean through the different passages, Fram Strait, Barents Sea, Bering Strait and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. In section four, the Arctic Ocean is considered as a part of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea, and the impacts of possible climatic changes on the circulation in the Arctic Mediterranean and on the exchanges with the world ocean are discussed.

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