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Interleukin-10 produced by the innate immune system masks in vitro evidence of acquired T-cell immunity to E. coli.

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Christina Hessle
Lars Åke Hanson
Agnes E Wold
Publicerad i Scandinavian journal of immunology
Volym 52
Nummer/häfte 1
Sidor 13-20
ISSN 0300-9475
Publiceringsår 2000
Publicerad vid Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Avdelningen för klinisk immunologi
Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Avdelningen för klinisk bakteriologi
Sidor 13-20
Språk en
Länkar www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Ämnesord Antigens, CD1, physiology, Escherichia coli, immunology, Humans, Immunity, Interferon-gamma, biosynthesis, Interleukin-10, biosynthesis, Lipopolysaccharides, pharmacology, Lymphocyte Activation, drug effects, T-Lymphocytes, immunology
Ämneskategorier Immunologi inom det medicinska området, Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området

Sammanfattning

Bacteria trigger stimulation of antigen-specific, as well as innate, immune responses. Cytokines and other products of cells belonging to the innate immune system may interfere with the detection of acquired immunity to whole bacteria in vitro. Proliferation and cytokine production by human blood mononuclear cells in response to a whole UV-killed Escherichia coli was compared with the response to commonly used antigen preparations: purified protein derivative (PPD), Candida albicans and influenza proteins. E. coli induced a weaker proliferative response with later onset than did the other antigens, and production of interferon (IFN)-gamma comparable with that in response to C. albicans and influenza vaccine, but lower than that induced by PPD. Both proliferation and IFN-gamma production were abolished by removal of CD4 cells or blocking of HLA-D, but not CD1 antigen-presenting molecules. Purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced neither proliferation nor IFN-gamma production. None of the antigen preparations stimulated interleukin (IL)-4 production but, in contrast to the other antigens, whole E. coli, as well as purified O6 LPS, induced large quantities of IL-10. IL-10 production was independent of CD4 cells or HLA-D molecules. Blocking of IL-10 by neutralizing antibodies increased both E. coli-induced proliferation and IFN-gamma production markedly. Conversely, the addition of whole E. coli or LPS to cultures stimulated with other antigens (C. albicans or Staphylococcus aureus) down-regulated proliferative and IFN-gamma responses, an effect which was at least partly IL-10 dependent. The results indicate a substantial T-cell memory to commensal E. coli, but suggest that the evidence of such memory, e.g. proliferation and IFN-gamma production, is effectively prevented by IL-10 and perhaps other factors produced by monocytes in response to bacteria. Thus, the innate immune responses must be taken into account when acquired immune responses to microbes are measured.

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