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Recolonisation by Macrobenthos Mobilises Organic Phosphorus from Reoxidised Baltic Sea Sediments

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare N. Ekeroth
M. Lindström
S. Blomqvist
Per Hall
Publicerad i Aquatic geochemistry
Volym 18
Nummer/häfte 6
Sidor 499-513
ISSN 1380-6165
Publiceringsår 2012
Publicerad vid Institutionen för kemi och molekylärbiologi
Sidor 499-513
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10498-012-9172-...
Ämnesord DOP,Pretention,Bioturbation,Monoporeia affinis,Macoma balthica,Macoma balthica
Ämneskategorier Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap

Sammanfattning

In recent decades, eutrophication has increased the extent of hypoxic and anoxic conditions in many coastal marine environments. In such conditions, the nutrient flux across the sediment–water interface is a key process controlling the biogeochemical dynamics, and thereby the level and character of biological production. In some areas, management attempts to drive the ecosystem towards phosphorus (P) limitation, which calls for reliable knowledge on the mechanisms controlling P-cycling. We report a wellcontrolled laboratory experiment on benthic fluxes of P, when shifting from a state of hypoxic and azoic sediments to oxic and zoic bottom conditions. Adding any of three types of macrobenthic fauna (mysid shrimp, pontoporeid amphipod and tellinid clam) to oxygenated aquarium sections resulted in benthic P fluxes that differed consistently from the azoic control sections. All species caused liberation of dissolved organically bound P (DOP) from the sediment, in contrast to the azoic systems. The shrimp and the amphipod also resuspended the sediment, which resulted in a release of P bound to particles ([0.45 lm). Dissolved inorganic phosphate (DIP) was released during hypoxic conditions, but was taken up after oxygenation, irrespective of the presence or absence of bottom fauna. In the presence of fauna, the uptake of DIP roughly equalled the release of DOP, suggesting that the benthic efflux of DOP following oxygenation and bottom fauna (re)colonisation might be considerable. This is an hitherto overlooked animal-controlled nutrient flux, which is missing from coastal marine P budgets.

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